What is in the Health Care System?

Haley Zelenka

September 1, 2022

Health Care

There are several issues to consider in the health care system. Some of them include Quality, Cost, Distribution, and Organization. Understanding them will help you to decide what to focus on in the future. Fortunately, there are many ways to improve the quality of your health care. You need to be aware of the issues.

Quality Health Care

Quality in health care is defined as the level of care that meets a set of quality criteria. There are many ways to measure quality, and many organizations are involved. The Federal Joint Committee for Quality Assurance and Transparency is one example. They set standards and guidelines and develop and publish quality assurance certificates. They also develop and report quality indicators, which are measures of specific aspects of health care, such as the delivery of preventive care and patient satisfaction.

According to the Institute of Medicine, quality health care is the likelihood that a person will receive the health outcomes they expect. The Institute identifies six quality health care domains: safety, patient-centered care, effectiveness, efficiency, and equity.

Cost of Health Care

Health care costs are rising, with the United States spending twice as much as the other ten highest-income countries in 2016. These costs have steadily increased over the years, rising from 5.2% of the U.S. GDP in 1963 to 17.9% in 2017. Despite this, these costs do not necessarily lead to better health outcomes. United States residents have the lowest life expectancy, the highest infant mortality rate, and the highest rates of obesity.

The costs of health care are often complicated. There are several categories, and understanding each type can be crucial to estimating the total cost. One category includes the costs of resources used in health care delivery. For example, associated costs include inpatient services, pharmacy products, and pharmaceuticals. While these costs are generally challenging to determine, they can be gleaned from hospital charge masters and administrative databases. Other cost categories include space, equipment, and information technology costs.


Despite recent developments in healthcare technology, the distribution of healthcare resources has not changed significantly. This is mainly because of regulatory, legislative, and economic factors. State of the art in many areas is five to ten years behind those in other areas. In many regions, organizations are beginning from scratch. The traditional route for hospitals has been to invest in shiny medical devices like robotic surgery or new MRI machines.

This indicator measures the availability of health care workers by occupation, sex, and geographic region. The distribution of health workers is beneficial in policy planning as it provides insight into the number of older health workers approaching retirement age and the number of younger health workers entering the system. In addition, health workers’ geographical representation and occupational specialization are vital factors to consider when analyzing the distribution of health workers.


The Organization of Health Care (ACO) health care model is based on a partnership between physicians, hospitals, and other providers to improve quality and reduce costs. The model requires all members to meet specific quality and cost standards; if they do not, they must pay penalties. In this way, a high level of accountability is created among members, and they can share the savings achieved through coordinated care.

Many health services are provided on an ambulatory basis, reducing hospitalization. Group practices or private physicians offer these services. Today’s group practice plans, or “managed care systems,” combine care delivery with financing to provide a range of comprehensive services for a pre-determined fee, thereby reducing the need for expensive hospitalization. There are many types of group practice plans. Some are centralized and run by a centralized administration, while individual physicians operate others.


Health insurance companies provide several types of coverage, allowing you to select a plan that fits your needs. For example, you can look for an HMO or self-insured health plan to meet your needs.

Health insurance companies offer various benefits, such as coverage for essential health services. In addition, some will provide you with additional benefits like prescription drugs. You can also find insurance plans that cover dental services. These policies may be a good idea if you want comprehensive health care.